Two hundred years ago, the average income per person worldwide was the equivalent of less than $2 a day; the figure is $17 today. This fact is relevant to the current discussion on globalization because, even though the information technology revolution, biotechnology, the emergence of new world players and outsourcing may give us the impression that we are in the midst of something entirely new, we are simply witnessing a new phase in the process of innovation that is the market economy — and this began a few hundred years ago.
Poverty was the natural condition of all of humanity until the market economy opened up the possibility of ever-increasing productivity. By 2030, it is estimated that the average wealth of developing countries will be equivalent to that of the Czech Republic today ($22,000 per person). The World Bank’s recent “Global Economic Prospects” report goes as far as to say that Mexico, Turkey and China will equal Spain’s current state of development, which is high.
Como dice Vargas Llosa, el capitalismo global no está convirtiendo a los pobres en más pobres. Ésa es sólo una de las falacias progres. No es cierto.
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